What to Grow in the Garden in September in India?

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Perfect Vegetables to Grow in September in Your Vegetable Gardens

Worried about what vegetables to grow in September? There are plenty of amazing ones to plant in your garden this month. With healthy ground conditions and warm indoor spaces, you can start off a stack of lip-smacking goodies now for healthy feasts that extend well into the winter. Looking to bulk up on baby roots and hardy greens or whether you want to try your hand at tasty oriental veggies? We’ve got the essential growing list to give your kitchen garden that much needed boost.

Lovely list of Plants to Grow in India in the month of September

Coriander – Coriandrum sativum

Coriander is sown from late March until early September. Well drained silt or loamy soils are suited for cultivation. For rainfed cultivation, the soil should be clayey in nature and the pH should fall within 6 – 8. Coriander thrives well at a temperature range of 20 – 25°C. They will mature in about 40 – 45 days and are often used as a rotation crop. It thrives on 4–6 hours of direct sunlight per day. These leafy greens are a good source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin K.

Tomato – Lycopersicon esculentum

Planting tomatoes in summer can sometimes lead to lacklustre results because they don’t thrive in extreme heat. This means growing tomatoes in September and beyond can give you better a better yield and healthier plants than planting tomatoes in summer. Tomatoes are not very picky about the type of soil they need to grow. Similar to other garden vegetables, they would prefer fertile, well-drained, loamy soil with a pH between 5.8 – 7.0. Tomato is a warm season crop. The best fruit colour and quality are obtained at a temperature range of 21-24°C. Tomatoes require 50 to 60 days to reach harvest. Tomatoes are vigorous growers that require maximum sun. They will need 6 to 8 hours of sun a day. For your gardens in India, that won’t be a problem at all. Tomatoes are rich sources of Folate, Vitamin C and Potassium. Carotenoids are present in abundance in tomatoes with lycopene, phytoene, beta & gamma carotene a notable few amongst them.

Garlic – Allium sativum

The vegetable growing season chart for India indicates for Garlic can be sowed from August to December. This white skinned layered veggie prefers sandy loam soils that drain well during wet periods and hold moisture during dry periods. Soils with high organic matter and good fertility are also ideal. Garlic requires cool air temperatures of 32° to 50°F during its first two months of growth when roots are established, and bulbs begin to form. Garlic does best in full sun, so select a planting site that receives 6 to 8 hours of sunlight per day. It takes about 8 to 9 months for a small, planted garlic clove to develop into a ready-to-harvest head of garlic. Garlic is low in calories and rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin B6 and Manganese. It also contains trace amounts of various other nutrients.

Celery – Apium graveolens

Yet another great pick for planting in your gardens this September is Celery!  These leafy vegetables need about 3-4 months to grow, so for a winter crop, sow their seeds in September or October. Celery needs nutrient-rich soil. The soil is to be loosened a bit for 12 – 15 inches using a garden fork or tiller & then mixed with 2 – 4 inches of manure and compost. Celery prefers soil with a pH between 5.8 and 6.8. Get a soil test if you’re not sure of your soil pH. Germination occurs at an optimum temperature of 21°C and a maximum temperature of 30°C. Celery needs 5-7 hours of full sun every single day. The right time to harvest them is 85 to 120 days after transplant. Celery is loaded with antioxidants. These include well-known varieties such as Flavonoids and Vitamin C.

Melon – Cucumis melo

How about planting a fruit in your gardens this September? Melons shall make an excellent choice! They prefer a well drained sandy loam soil rich in organic matter and a pH range of 6.5-7.5 is ideal for their cultivation. This crop requires a moderately warm temperature. Melon seed germination is best between 70°F and 90°F. Plant only after the soil temperature has reached 65°F when nights, as well as days, are warm. Gift these melons lots of sunlight – 6 to 8 hours a day (or more) is ideal for them to mature in about 80-100 days. Melons are low in sodium and very low in saturated fat and cholesterol. They are a good source of dietary fibre, vitamin K, potassium, and copper, and a very good source of vitamin C and vitamin B6.


Well if you are a Southerner in India, then you are in the right place for planting some cucumbers in your garden. For those in the rest of India, you just missed the chance last July.

Yes, you can! The flower seeds of the following might be the best pick for your Indian garden this September – Iris, Snapdragon, Hyacinths & Hibiscus.

Do have a look at our handpicked plants for growing in your garden covering both fruits and vegetables in the article above. It might give you clarity on your gardening plans this September.

Apart from those listed above in the article, Spinach, Cabbage, Peas & Lettuce are a few other vegetables suitable to thrive in your gardens this September.

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