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Best Summer Vegetables in India for your July Vegetable Garden
With half the year already gone past, it is time to spin off a new look to your Indian garden by growing some new plants. A mid summer Indian garden can’t be done using the same list of fruits & vegetables for the previous season. So, let’s have a look at the expert tips on what one can typically plant in their gardens in India during July.
Secret to a Great Garden to Grow Vegetables this July in India
1.Bottle gourd - Lagenaria siceraria
Did you know that a wild variety of this gourd is used by tribals as a bottle for storing water?! Bottle gourds are grown in open locations with no hindrance to sunlight by mid July. Excellent yields are guaranteed when they are grown in well drained loamy soil enriched with organic matter. The bottle gourds require a temperature of at least 18℃ & become ready for harvesting by about 60 to 80 days depending on the soil type. They are rich in magnesium, zinc, and thiamine.
2. Bitter gourd – Momordica charantia
Another pick from the gourd cult suitable to grow in your garden in July in India is the Bitter gourd. They thrive in a hot and humid climate with a prolonged sun bath of about 6 – 8 hours a day. Bitter gourds prefer to grow in sandy or loamy soil & the best time to sow them would be in the mid of July. Their harvesting period ranges from 55 to 60 days from the date of being sown. Bitter gourds are excellent sources of fibre, carbohydrates & proteins.
3. Tomato – Lycopersicon esculentum
One of the all time favorites from the vegetable growing season chart suitable for a summer Indian garden is the Tomatoes. Their juicy pulps are best formed when grown during the early days of July. Heavy to sandy soils rich in organic matter are the preferred type of soil for Tomatoes and they are to be gardened at temperatures between 21 – 24℃. They become ready for harvest around 65 to 70 days and are rich in nutrients such as Vitamin B, E and Potassium.
4. Cucumber - Cucumis sativus
Cucumbers are one of the experts’ picks in this list suitable to be grown in the Indian summer. This watery vegetable results in the best yields when grown in loose and well-drained ones. They prefer warm temperatures between 75 – 85℉ & are ready to be harvested within 45 days of sowing. 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight is to be provided daily for their healthy growth. Cucumbers are rich in vitamins C, K, Proteins & fibre.
5. Chilli – Capsicum frutescens
Let’s make your kitchen garden hot this summer by planting some chillies in it! They grow best when planted in the early days of July. Chillies thrive in the loamy & clayey loam soils. The temperature should be between 20 to 25℃ for the healthy growth of chillies with medium exposure to sunlight for at least 5 to 6 hours daily. Chillies can be harvested after 75 days from being planted & are well known for their high amounts of Vitamin A, C, B6, K1 and antioxidants.
The best choices of flower to decorate your Indian garden this July would be Lotus, Marigold, Hibiscus & Lily.
Tomatoes being an inseparable part of the Indian diet seems to grow well in July too. To know more about the specifics on growing tomatoes in your summer garden, have a look at the above article.
July falls right in the middle of summer in India & there are a wide variety of vegetables for growing in this season. Please read the above article to know about your experts’ picks for your Indian gardens this July.