Must grow summer vegetables for your vegetable garden

What to Grow in the Garden in March in India?

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What to Plant in March? Perfect Vegetables in India for Your Garden

Do the thoughts for new additions to your gardens seem to be marching in your minds, this March? Let’s sow that idea by planting fruits and vegetables that grow very well in your Indian gardens. We did some analysis in the Indian vegetable growing season chart looking for those which we can sow during March. After having seen quite a range of plants including kale, leeks, broccoli, carrot, turnip & cauliflower, here’s the list we have come up with. Let’s head straight towards March gardening!

Must Grow Summer Vegetables for your Vegetable Garden

1.Bitter gourd – Momordica charantia

The thriving conditions for a bitter gourd would be a hot and humid climate above along with sandy or loamy soil below. The best time to plant them would be in the first half of March. These gourds embrace the warmth of the sun & would like to bathe in it for at least  6 to 8 hours a day. The harvesting time of bitter gourd ranges from 55 to 60 days from the date of being sown. They are rich in fibre, carbohydrates & proteins.

2. Broad beans – Vicia faba

Hailing from a family of green pods, broad beans are ready for being sown in your gardens by early March. They need well drained soil accompanied by a cool climate with temperatures ranging between 15 – 18℃. Broad beans are a tad bit shy towards the sun, so they need some shade to thrive. The harvesting period falls between the 50th to the 60th days from the date of being planted. They are a rich source of Vitamin C.

3. Watermelon - Citrullus lanatus

Are you halfway through March when reading this article? Then watermelons would be the best choice for your gardening plans. These bulky melons choose loamy soil rich in organic matter for their best growth.  The optimal temperatures that would make them thrive are between 65 and 95℉. To get a juicy yield it’s better to leave them in full sunlight throughout the day. Their harvesting period falls between 122 to 135 days. Watermelons have plenty of nutrients such as  Copper, Potassium, Vitamin C and B5.

4. Bottle gourd - Lagenaria siceraria

These bottle shaped veggies can be grown in open and sunny locations in the earlier days of March. One can get great yields from them if they are grown in well drained loamy soil enriched with organic matter. The bottle gourds require a temperature of at least 18℃ & become ready for harvesting by about 60 to 80 days depending on the soil type. They are rich sources of magnesium, zinc, and thiamine.

5. Cabbage – Brassica oleracea

These leafy green bundles are suitable to be grown in the early days of March. They require a well drained yet moisture retentive soil with at least 6 hours of sun’s rays reaching out to them daily. Cabbages prefer a temperature range of 15 – 21℃ for their optimal growth and are ready to be harvested by 90 – 120 days after planting. They are rich in fibre, Potassium, Vitamin K and A.


Roses, Lilies & Hibiscus are some flowers of choice that would grow well when planted during the month of March.

The season by month chart tells us that apart from those listed above the other seeds that grow well in March in India include Onion, Cauliflower, Lettuce, Brussels sprouts, Peas, Beetroot & Carrot.

All types of greens such as Spinach, Basil & other plants such as Carrot, Radish & Beetroot are all excellent choices to plant in pots during the month of March.

Basil, Coriander, Mint & Parsley are a few of the well known herbs that thrive when planted in the conditions of March in your Indian gardens.

In fact, the seed sowing calendar tells us that March would be a very good time to sow the flower seeds. March to April is great timing to get started with planting some flowers in your gardens.

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